A key feature of a hoax is the lack of a url that would allow the reader to confirm the source of the information. Last, and perhaps most importantly, the hoax will urge you to forward this message immediately to everyone you know. If you believe the hoax is credible, this encouragement plays on your desire to be helpful to other people, particularly your friends, colleagues, clients. In fact, if you forward a hoax, you are contributing to panic, and possibly encouraging someone else to harm his/her computer. Before you forward the message: Check one or more of the anti-virus vendors' websites listed below to see if the message is a known hoax. If you work in a major corporation, forward the message to the computer center or information technology department and let them decide whether to warn other users. If you can not evaluate the technical content of a message warning about a new computer virus, then it is not your job to warn others about this alleged new virus. Receiving an e-mail message that has been previously forwarded, particularly forwarded more than once, is diagnostic of a hoax.
Importance of, time, essay, speech, Article
Use of were larger than normal-size letters in the message. The use of hyperbole or a frantic style is symptomatic of a hoax, because scientists, engineers, and professional technical writers use neither hyperbole nor frantic style. Technical details that appear to give the message credibility. Someone who is knowledgeable about computer science or electrical engineering can often spot errors or implausible statements in the message, but most readers do not have the technical background to evaluate such content. The point made here is that inclusion of technical terms is not proof that the author is either correct or sincere. Sometimes the message contains long, detailed instructions for removing the alleged virus. Such instructions are needless, as it would be easier to refer the reader to the url essays of the appropriate webpage at a major anti-virus vendor's website. Putting long, detailed instructions into an e-mail is a symptom of a hoax. Hoaxes often mention the name of a major corporation (e.g., ibm or Microsoft) or a government agency (e.g., fcc) that has allegedly originally issued or endorsed the message. Alternatively, the hoax might mention the name of a major anti-virus software vendor.
Pale in comparison to the prospects of this newest creation by a warped mentality.". Sometimes these warnings specifically mention that the alleged virus will destroy hardware (e.g., hard disk drives). While it is possible to write malicious programs to damage some types of hardware, physical damage to hardware is rare. Most commonly, malicious programs only delete files or alter data in files, without harming the disk drive itself. For example: Many exclamation marks in the text of the message essay or in the subject line. Use of all upper-case letters. Excessive use of boldface or italics.
EXE) from their computer that is allegedly a computer virus, but is actually part of the microsoft and Windows operating system. I have received such hoax e-mails from clueless attorneys and accountants who forwarded the hoax to their entire e-mail address book. It is also possible that a hoax e-mail might contain an attachment that is a malicious program, such as a trojan Horse or worm. When the reader of the hoax e-mail is an emotional state (e.g., panic about the impending virus attack mentioned in the text of the hoax e-mail the reader may be more likely to click on the attachment and become infected. Characteristics of a hoax, if one has a healthy skepticism and some knowledge of propaganda techniques, one is well equipped to recognize hoaxes. Hoaxes commonly show the following common characteristics: Style of hoaxes. Hyperbole about damage that will be inflicted: For example: "will wreak terrible havoc on your computer" "this is a very dangerous virus, much worse than Melissa and there is no remedy for it at this time" "unparalleled in its destructive capability" "I received this virus.
This makes soy milk an important factor in heart health, so people should consider switching to soy milk. Computer Virus hoaxes, copyright 2002 by ronald. Table of Contents, introduction. Characteristics of a hoax. Examples of hoaxes. Proper Response to hoaxes, links to other sites. Conclusion, introduction, this essay concerns e-mails that warn about a fictitious computer virus. This essay is a companion to my separate essay on computer crime and my essay on malicious computer programs. Normally, i would not be interested in hoaxes, but several widespread e-mail hoaxes in the years 20vised the recipient to delete a file (e.g., sulfnbk.
415 short essay on the Importance of, time
Our family all lost quite a bit of weight, as well: my mother lost fifteen pounds and my father lost more than twenty. Her doctor tells her that if she continues this lifestyle change, she will significantly reduce her chance of heart problems in the future. The second example not only contains more information, but it presents it in a believable and interesting way. By including specific details, the author appears to be an "expert so the evidence is more persuasive. Analysis, your analysis or concluding observation is your way of "wrapping up" the information presented in your paragraph. It should explain why the evidence supports your claim and why this supports the main thesis in your paper.assignment
Its important to end with your own analysis of the information rather than with evidence. This keeps you "in control" of the paper; if you end with evidence, youre emphasizing ideas from your sources rather than your own. The reader relies on you to analyze the evidence in the paragraph and explain why it matters to the claim and to the rest of the paper. Here are some examples of weak and strong analysis/concluding observation sections: Analysis that is really evidence (weak experts at duke universitys School of Medicine agree that soy milk is a healthy choice. Analysis that doesnt relate evidence to claim and thesis statement (weak soy milk therefore prevents disease. Analysis that explains why evidence supports the claim and why this is important to the papers thesis (strong The disease-fighting and health-promoting components of soy milk have the potential to change peoples health and to improve their lives by affecting both cholesterol and weight.
Some researchers even believe that soy may help to stimulate the metabolism (duke 4). Note that the second example seems more "balanced because the author demonstrates knowledge of the subject and incorporates several expert opinions to back up the claim. Sometimes your assignment will not require you to conduct research into secondary sources, and you may need to use your own ideas or experiences as evidence to back up your claims. Try to be very specific. If you include detailed examples and explanations, your evidence will be more interesting and more persuasive to the reader, and you will seem like more of an authority on your topic: evidence that isnt specific (weak evidence my mothers cholesterol was bad, and the doctor.
Our family started eating more soy and soy milk, and her levels eventually got much better. During this time, all of us also lost quite a bit of weight. Evidence that is specific (stronger evidence two years ago, my mothers ldl bad cholesterol level was 242, and her hdl good cholesterol was 37, so she was considered "high risk." Since she was hesitant to take cholesterol-lowering medications, her internist suggested that she try. He believed that it was worthwhile to try this before placing her on medications. In order to support her, our entire family started drinking soy milk and walking in the evenings. After six months, her ldl dropped to 198 and her hdl rose to 45, which was a dramatic improvement.
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Soybeans are "complete protein" because they contain all eight amino acids (Collins 1). Collins points out that "as little as 25 mg of soy protein a day may decrease levels of ldl cholesterol and Triglycerides" (1) and this may reduce the chance of heart disease. Since soy is a "low-glycemic index" food, it may help people trying to lose weight "feel more satisfied and less hungry until your next meal, which is beneficial for weight management and control" (1). Evidence that includes information from a variety of sources (stronger evidence scientists believe that soy milk has the potential to balance cholesterol levels in humans: "A diet with significant soy protein reduces Total Cholesterol, ldl cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides" (Tsang 1). Since soy milk is one of the easiest ways to incorporate soy into the diet, this is a good choice for people seeking to lower their ldl and triglycerides. Soy milk also may reduce the potential for heart disease. Asian countries, which traditionally consume more soy protein, have a much lower incidence of heart disease and many types of cancer (Berkeley 4). The benefits of soy arent just limited to the heart, however. Soy milk and cheese made from soy milk may help with weight loss since they contain less saturated fat than regular dairy products, although they contain about the same amounts of fat as reduced-fat milk and cheese (Collins 1).
In a paper that incorporates research from secondary sources, your feminist evidence may include information from articles, books, electronic sources, or any of the research you gathered. The evidence may take the form of a direct"tion, paraphrased material, statistical data, or any other information from one of your sources that helps to support your claim. Try to incorporate information from several sources into each paragraph. Avoid just "retelling" the information from a single author or article. Aim to represent a variety of opinions and views. This way, youre not just telling the reader what one expert says, but youre explaining how your claim is supported by research from several experts in your field. Here are some examples of weak and strong evidence sections: evidence that includes information from one source (weak evidence according to collins, soy milk has more protein than cows milk, and doesnt contain the saturated fat or cholesterol (1).
milk help to protect the body from disease and promote good health, so soy is a better choice. The first example is weak because it presents facts that cannot be disputed; the second example is stronger because it uses those facts to make an argument. As you can see, the second example not only tells the reader that soy contains healthy isoflavones and nutrients, but it also argues that these facts make soy milk a better choice. To evaluate whether your paper contains effective claims in each paragraph, read only the first sentence of each paragraph. You should be able to follow the development of the papers thesis by reading only the claim sentences. These should tell you the main points that you are making throughout the paper. Your claims will also prepare the reader for the second section of your paragraph. Evidence, this is how you support, or back up, your claims. The evidence will help to "prove" each claim to the reader.
Just as in the thesis statement, your topic sentences should be debatable. In other words, they should be arguable claims that you will try to "prove" with your evidence. If you get stuck developing these claims, try to think of reasons why your thesis is true. Each claim should be a reason why the reader should believe your papers main idea. For example, perhaps youre writing an essay about restaurant whether people should drink soy milk instead of cows milk. Your "reasons" for this might include health benefits, environmental benefits, cost-effectiveness, and safety, so you would focus one paragraph on each of these topics. One of the most common mistakes is to present a topic sentence that is actually an observation of facts or a description of events rather than an active argument. When you make a claim based on a fact or event in your topic sentence, you arent presenting an arguable claim that you can back up with your evidence in that paragraph.
Essay on proper use of leisure
Effective paragraphs are important in all types of writing. Your paragraphs guide your reader through the paper by helping to explain, substantiate, and support your thesis statement or short argument. Each paragraph should discuss one major point or idea. An effective paragraph has three parts: claim, evidence, and analysis. Claim, this is also sometimes called a topic sentence. This will be your way of announcing the main focus of your paragraph; it should tell the reader what your paragraph will be about. It may be helpful to think of your claims as mini arguments that support the papers main argument or thesis.